Attendance in schools that is mandated by laws

Reference

Compulsory education - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
"Compulsory education is education which is required by the government, usually at the national level. Many of the world's countries now have compulsory education through at least the primary grades. Compulsory education at the primary level was affirmed as a human right in the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights. However, such mandates were unknown in Western modernity before 1819, when mandatory schooling was introduced in Prussia. ..."

Articles

Can Mayors Solve School Problems?, by Joseph L. Bast, Matthew J. Brouillette, Michigan Education Report, 16 Apr 1999
Argues for tuition tax credits after examining recent and potential changes at the Chicago and Detroit public schools
"Ultimately, a mayoral takeover of schools is a short-term Band-Aid. Something more fundamental is required when only one-third of the students entering the ninth grade are able to graduate, and of those who do, fewer than one-half can read at the eighth-grade level or solve sixth-grade level math problems. The really substantive and lasting changes that are needed will occur only when families are empowered with the ability to leave a failing school and choose another."
UpdPublic Schools Have Flunked Out, by James Erwin Norwood, Future of Freedom, Jun 2006
"Force-feeding children the state's prescription for education is more about creating jobs for teachers than about educating students. In any event, no one can be forced to learn anything. Compulsory-attendance laws ... generate resistance and disruption by captive students, who are not interested in ordering from the state's menu."
School's Out: Get ready for the new age of individualized education, by Daniel H. Pink, Reason, Oct 2001
"Through most of history, people learned from tutors or their close relatives. ... Not until the early 20th century did public schools as we know them ... become widespread. And not until the 1920s did attending one become compulsory. ... Compulsory mass schooling is an aberration in both history and modern society. "
UpdThe Education Debate We're Not Having, by Scott McPherson, 15 Nov 2006
"All this handwringing over the best way to pay for public schools distracts us from a far more important point: that we are dealing, first and last, with a broken system — and one that is inherently defective. Rather than patch it up with more money, we ought to try a different approach. Few dare speak of it, ... but an alternative to public schools does exist."
The "Value" of Public Schooling, by Jacob G. Hornberger, Future of Freedom, Nov 2006
Examines public schooling, first comparing it to military boot camp and the draft and then discussing indoctrination
"There are two major values of public schooling, from the perspective of government officials. One, ... the means by which government officials can slowly but surely ... mold the mindsets of children into one of conformity and obedience to authority. Second, public schooling enables government officials to fill children's minds with officially approved political, historical, and economic doctrine."
New4 Things You Probably Never Knew About John Stuart Mill, 20 May 2016
Brief introduction to Mill followed by four interesting facts about his life and thought
"Mill himself had a rigourous education, though he was mostly self-taught. ... He believed that well-educated people are best equipped to conduct themselves in a moral fashion in society, and so he advocated for state exams which all people would have to master up to a certain level. Mill was not an advocate for public schooling; he believed that it infringed on people's freedoms to force them to go to one state-approved set of schools. Instead, he advocated for a voucher system which would give people greater choice in which schools they could go to."
Albert Jay Nock: A Gifted Pen for Radical Individualism, by Jim Powell, The Freeman, Mar 1997
Biographical essay, including his early life, editorship of The Freeman, and notable books and essays
"Nock assailed one of his favorite targets, compulsory government schooling, which promoted 'superstitious servile reverence for a sacrosanct State. In another view one saw [government schooling] functioning as a sort of sanhedrin, a leveling agency, prescribing uniform modes of thought, belief, conduct, social deportment, diet, recreation, hygiene; and as an inquisitional body for the enforcement of these prescriptions, for nosing out heresies and irregularities and suppressing them. ...'"
America's Most Persecuted Minority, by Murray N. Rothbard, The Irrepressible Rothbard: The Rothbard-Rockwell Report Essays of Murray N. Rothbard, 1994
Tells the history of post-millennial evangelical pietists or neo-Puritans and their crusades to ban pleasures such as liquor and smoking
"... since it would be clearly unconstitutional to outlaw the Catholic Church, the PMEP substitute was to try to force all children into a network of public schools, the object of which was to inculcate obedience to the State and, in the popular slogan of the day, to 'Christianize the Catholic' kids, since Catholic adults were clearly doomed."
Best of Both Worlds: Milton Friedman reminisces about his career as an economist and his lifetime "avocation" as a spokesman for freedom, by Brian Doherty, Reason, Jun 1995
Topics discussed include: the new Congress, flat taxes, the withholding tax, the people who influenced him, what led him to write about policy issues, libertarianism and how his political views have changed over the years
"I used to argue that I could justify compulsory schooling on the ground of external effects. But then I discovered from work that E.G. West and others did, that before compulsory schooling something over 90 percent of people got schooled. The big distinction you have to make is between marginal benefit and average benefit. The marginal benefit from having 91 percent of people in school rather than 90 percent does not justify making it compulsory."
Childhood Ends at Puberty, by Charley Reese, 15 Apr 2006
Recounts the early life of Benjamin Franklin and argues for ending formal basic education by 13
"To stretch out for 12 years so little knowledge is ridiculous. ... The idea of consolidated central schools is one of the dumbest ones ever to come down the pike ... Compulsory-attendance laws are another dumb idea. ... Without compulsory-attendance laws, a school could set standards and send home any student who failed to meet them."
Freeing the Education Market, by Sheldon Richman, Mar 1993
Examines the effects of public education on literacy rates and suggests market alternatives
"Before 1850, when Massachusetts became the first state in the United States to force children to go to school, literacy was at 98 percent. ... The schools were, at the very least, supposed to teach children to read. If after nearly 150 years of compulsory, governmental schooling, the literacy rate is lower than it was when parents freely saw to their children's education, what has been the point of 'public education'? "
Related Topic: Educational Freedom
How Much Do You Know About Liberty? (a quiz), The Freeman, Jun 1996
A 20-question quiz (with answers) on various topics related to liberty in the history of the United States
"Why did states establish compulsory government schools? ... The government school movement gained momentum as politically connected Protestants worked to counter the cultural influence of immigrant Catholic hordes from Ireland and Italy. By controlling school tax money and enacting compulsory attendance laws, Protestants could indoctrinate millions in schools they controlled."
UpdMachiavelli and U.S. Politics, Part 4: War, by Lawrence M. Ludlow, 22 Aug 2005
Part of a six-segment series examining The Prince vis-à-vis contemporary U.S. politics; this article covers Machiavelli's simple advice on war and contrasts it with that of James Madison and Robert Higgs in Crisis and Leviathan
"Even more important than the willingness of the press to play 'follow the leader,' the uncritical populace — 'educated' in government-controlled schools — eats up a steady stream of propaganda. The willingness to believe lies (even after they have been exploded) and to trust government authorities is a testimony to the true product of government-controlled schooling: blind obedience."
On Equality and Inequality, by Ludwig von Mises, Modern Age, 1961
Examines the premise that "all men are created equal" and some possible as well as purported conclusions
"... the United States embarked upon the noble experiment of making every boy and girl an educated person. All young men and women were to spend the years from six to eighteen in school ... Statistics show that this program has been put into practice. ... But the success of this plan is merely apparent. It was made possible only by a policy that, while retaining the name 'high school,' has entirely destroyed its scholarly and scientific value."
UpdPiercing through Myths, Lies, and Stupidity, by George C. Leef, Future of Freedom, Aug 2006
"Throughout the book, Stossel uses boxes containing one statement that's a myth followed by another statement that's true. His first such box in the schooling chapter reads, 'Myth: Educating children is too important to be left to the uncertainty of market competition. Truth: Educating children is too important to be left to a government monopoly.'"
Related Topics: John Stossel, Farming, Politics
Self-Interested Defenders of 'the Peculiar Institution', by Vin Suprynowicz, Las Vegas Review-Journal, 24 Mar 2007
"There were no government schools as we know them before the 1850s. Yet the generation of the founding fathers ... were literate beyond the dreams of most Americans today. How did that come to pass – why did de Tocqueville find America's working class the most literate on earth, when he toured America in 1831 – if 'only government' can make us literate?"
Related Topic: Taxation
Test your freedom IQ, The Orange County Register, 18 Jun 2006
20 multiple-choice questions covering the role of government, free enterprise, taxes, property rights, free speech, religion, civil liberties, transportation, war and foreign policy, the Nanny State, gun ownership, education and immigration
"I would like to attend a public high school that has particularly strong math program and that is located in another part of town, instead of the high school where I'm currently enrolled. ... Good idea, the educational system should treat you as an individual and let you choose your school, although an even better idea is to shut down the current system of public schools and let a free market of private choices emerge."
The Drug War as a Socialist Enterprise, by Milton Friedman, 16 Nov 1991
From keynote address at Fifth International Conference on Drug Policy Reform; examines why, 20 years after Friedman's admonition against Nixon's drug war, the government continues its attempts at enforcement, in spite of the observable, predicted results
"But if I were to ask any one of you what is the next most important factor that is destroying the inner cities, I suspect a great many would agree with me that the next most important factor is our defective educational system, the terrible schools in our inner cities, schools which do not teach, but which are essentially places to keep kids off the streets for a certain number of hours a day."
The Federal War on Gold, Part 3, by Jacob G. Hornberger, Future of Freedom, Oct 2006
Describes Franklin Roosevelt's executive order confiscating gold and nullifying gold clauses in contracts, its constitutional ramifications and subsequent related history
"By the 1930s, most of the United States had been under systems of public (i.e., government) schooling for at least three decades. After years of such indoctrination, ... most of them nevertheless now deferred to the wisdom of federal officials to deal with such complicated subjects as economics, depressions, and monetary policy. ... The additional value of the public-school indoctrination was that it effectively immunized federal officials from having to bear responsibility for the consequences of their own wrongful conduct."
UpdThe Progressive Era, Part 1: The Myth and the Reality, by William L. Anderson, Future of Freedom, Feb 2006
"... the public-school movement that swept Boston during the 1840s was led by Unitarians such as Horace Mann. ... they were able to form coalitions with Calvinists and the Christian Protestant pietists, who saw public schools as a way to 'train' the children of Catholic immigrants who were pouring into the country from Ireland and southern Europe."
What Do You Call Someone Who Wants to Get Their Hands on Your 5-Year-Old?, by Vin Suprynowicz, 3 Feb 2007
"Even though these unpleasant and very costly outcomes track perfectly with the growing amount of time kids have spent in government-run 'schools' over the past 70 years, most Americans will look at you like you're nuts if you posit any CAUSAL relationship between these problems and locking our kids up in mandatory youth propaganda camps for ever more hours, days, and years."
Related Topic: Children

Cartoons and Comic Strips

The Edukation Sistum Failed Mee, by Brant Parker and Johnny Hart, 26 Jan 2007

Books

Dumbing Us Down: The Hidden Curriculum of Compulsory Schooling
    by John Taylor Gatto, Sep 1991