Objectivist philosopher, novelist
See also:
  • FreedomPedia
  • Ayn Rand

    Ayn Rand (born Alisa Zinov'yevna Rosenbaum, Russian: Али́са Зино́вьевна Розенба́ум; 2 February [O.S. 20 January] 1905 - 6 March 1982) was a Russian-born American novelist, philosopher, playwright, and screenwriter. She is known for her two best-selling novels, The Fountainhead (1943) and Atlas Shrugged (1957), and for developing a philosophical system she called Objectivism. Born and educated in Russia, Rand moved to the United States in 1926. She had a play produced on Broadway in 1935-1936. After two early novels that were initially unsuccessful in America, she achieved fame with her 1943 novel, The Fountainhead.

    • Objectivist, The - Newsletter created by Ayn Rand (as The Objectivist Newsletter) in 1962 and edited by herself and Nathaniel Branden (until 1968)


    Ayn Alissa Rand (1905-1982), by Stephen R. C. Hicks, Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy
    Major sections: Life - Rand's Ethical Theory: The Virtue of Selfishness - Reason and Ethics - Conflicts of Interest - Rand's Influence - References and Further Reading
    "Ayn Rand was a major intellectual of the twentieth century. Born in Russia in 1905 and educated there, she immigrated to the United States after graduating from the university, where she studied history, politics, philosophy, and literature. Rand had always found capitalism and the individualism of the United States a welcome alternative to the corrupt and negative socialism of Russia. ... Rand's philosophy is in the Aristotelian tradition, with that tradition's emphasis upon metaphysical naturalism, empirical reason in epistemology, and self-realization in ethics."
    Ayn Rand, by Roderick Long, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 8 Jun 2010
    Major sections: Introduction - Ethics - Social-Political Philosophy - Aesthetics - Bibliography; last substantive revision 19 Sep 2016
    "Ayn Rand (1905–1982) was a novelist-philosopher who outlined a comprehensive philosophy, including an epistemology and a theory of art, in her novels and essays. ... The Fountainhead brought Rand international fame, and Atlas Shrugged (1957) sealed this fame. By 1958, Rand's novels, increasingly philosophical, had won her ideas a sufficiently devoted following for her to form, in association with psychologist Nathaniel Branden (with whom she later broke), an official 'Objectivist' philosophical movement, complete with journals and lecture courses."


    Ayn Rand - The Advocates
    241x300 JPEG, grayscale


    2 Feb 1905, Alisa Zinov'yevna Rosenbaum, in St. Petersburg, Russia


    6 Mar 1982, in New York City


    UpdAbout Ayn Rand - Biography | AynRand.org
    Ayn Rand Institute
    "To create her unusual stories and characters, Rand had to define the new ideas and principles that guide her heroes. She had to create a new philosophy. 'I am interested in philosophical principles,' she wrote, 'only as they affect the actual existence of men; and in men, only as they reflect philosophical principles.' For Rand, philosophy is not an esoteric subject but a daily force shaping individual lives and human history."
    Ayn Rand and Objectivism: An Introduction
    Full Context
    "The founder of Objectivism, Ayn Rand (neé Alissa Zinovievna Rosenbaum), was born in St. Petersburg, Russia, on February 2, 1905. Ayn Rand attended Petrograd (Leningrad) University from 1921 to 1924 in the tumultuous period following the Revolution, where she majored in history, and took a minor in philosophy. In early 1926, Ayn Rand fled the Soviet Union and arrived in New York City, during the 'Roaring Twenties.'"
    Ayn Rand | Libertarianism.org, by Cato Institute, Mar 2003
    Part of Cato's "Three Women Who Launched a Movement", celebrating during Women's History Month the sixtieth anniversary of the publication of The Fountainhead (as well as Rose Wilder Lane and Isabel Paterson books published in the same year)
    "By the early 50s, Rand had surrounded herself with an inner circle of admirers who met for late-night philosophical discussions and sat in rapt attention as Rand read from her magnum opus in progress. The group was given the ironic name 'The Collective,' and included future Federal Reserve chairman Alan Greenspan, as well as Barbara and Nathaniel Branden, who would remain her intellectual allies and closest confidants for almost twenty years."
    Laissez Faire Books
    "Russian-born Ayn Rand (1905-1982) brought more people into the libertarian movement than anybody else. She did this by making a moral case for individualism and liberty through her dramatic novels. ... Then came her first big success, The Fountainhead (1943), about a determined individualist pursuing his vision in a collectivist world. ... Rand's most philosophical novel is Atlas Shrugged (1957), which tells what happened when some of the world's most productive individuals got tired of being exploited and went on strike."

    Awards Received

    1983 Prometheus Hall of Fame Award, granted by Libertarian Futurist Society, Prometheus Hall of Fame Award
    For Atlas Shrugged
    1987 Prometheus Hall of Fame Award, granted by Libertarian Futurist Society, Prometheus Hall of Fame Award
    For Anthem


    The Objectivist, Editor, January 1962-February 1976
    The Fountainhead, Screenwriter

    Web Sites

    who was...Ayn Rand? ...a biography, 1905-1982
    Includes three biographical segments (1905-1926, 1926-1951 and 1951-1982) with photos, text of selected articles and links to other Rand-related sites

    Web Pages

    Ayn Rand - The Advocates
    Biography (from Laissez Faire Books), picture and quotes
    "Rand elaborated her philosophy with brilliant essays, gathered in several books: Philosophy Who Needs It? (1962), Capitalism The Unknown Ideal (1962), The Virtue of Selfishness (1964), The Romantic Manifesto (1969), The New Left: The Anti-Industrial Revolution (1971, since reissued as Return of the Primitive) and The Voice of Reason: Essays in Objectivist Thought (1988)."
    Music With An Ayn Rand Connection
    Lengthy selection of songs and other musical pieces together with short explanations of their relation to Ayn Rand and recordings (in RealAudio format), plus pictures of various New York City buildings (Rand admired the city's skyline)
    "When I was in my early 20s I discovered and became an admirer of the writings of Ayn Rand - the author of the philosophically provoking best selling novels The Fountainhead and Atlas Shrugged. A few years later, I was amused to learn that Rand enjoyed a type of turn of the century popular music that she called 'Tiddlywink Music.' Of course, there is no such formally recognized musical genre. 'Tiddlywink' seems to have been the name that Ayn Rand gave to music that she responded to in a certain way."
    Related Topic: Music


    Ayn Rand - Hero of the Day, by Roy A. Childs, Jr., The Daily Objectivist, 2000
    Excerpted from a review of Barbara Branden's The Passion of Ayn Rand
    "Ayn Rand's life was the stuff of fiction. Consider her saga: She was born in Czarist Russia, lived through the Bolshevik revolution, and vowed to go to America. Barely two years after graduating from university, she did so. In 1926 she arrived in New York City alone, with about $50 in her pocket. She spent some months with relatives in Chicago, and then made her way across the continent to Hollywood, where she worked at odd jobs—stuffing envelopes, waitressing in a diner, and running a studio wardrobe department—until she could make a financial success of her writing."
    Happy Birthday Ayn Rand! February 2 Marks Birthday of Literary Atlas: Ayn Rand, by Chris Wolski, Capitalism Magazine, 2 Feb 2000
    Short biographical essay highlighting Rand's two major works
    "Although she considered herself primarily a fiction writer, she realized that in order to create heroic fictional characters, she had to identify the philosophic principles which make such individuals possible. She needed to formulate 'a philosophy for living on earth.' Thereafter, Ayn Rand wrote and lectured on her philosophy — Objectivism. She published and edited her own periodicals from 1962 to 1976, her essays providing much of the material for nine books on Objectivism and its application to the culture."
    Objectivism and the State: An Open Letter to Ayn Rand, by Roy A. Childs, Jr., Individualist, Aug 1969
    Published by the Society for Individual Liberty; responds to five of Rand's arguments in her essay "The Nature of Government"
    "The purpose of this letter is to convert you to free market anarchism. ... why should you adopt free market anarchism after having endorsed the political state for so many years? Fundamentally, for the same reason you gave for withdrawing your sanction from Nathaniel Branden in an issue of The Objectivist: namely, you do not fake reality and never have."
    Russian-born novelist and philosopher Ayn Rand's inspiring moral defense of individualism and liberty, by Jim Powell
    Biographical essay with links to several other resources
    "Ayn Rand (1905-1982) won over millions to the the moral values of individualism and liberty which had fallen out of fashion more than a century ago. There continues to be a lively interest in her ideas. ... The Fountainhead, about an architect battling collectivists all around him to maintain the integrity of his ideas, gradually gained a big following and was made into a movie in 1949. Rand expanded on her views of liberty, sex, money and other issues in Atlas Shrugged."
    35 Heroes of Freedom: Celebrating the people who have made the world groovier and groovier since 1968, Reason, Dec 2003
    List of individuals who, according to Reason editors, have "have made the world a freer, better, and more libertarian place by example, invention, or action" (includes the unknown martyr of Tiananmen Square and a generic "The Yuppie")
    "While her private life outstripped them in terms of melodrama, there's no denying that novels such as The Fountainhead and Atlas Shrugged introduced libertarian ideas to millions of readers in a vivid, compelling way, encouraging them to reject the cult of self-sacrifice, oppose the demands of collectivism, and question the rule of experts."
    Ayn Rand and Objectivism - Epistemology: The theory of knowledge, Full Context
    Summarises the key concepts of objectivist epistemology, contrasting them with other philosophical views
    "Ayn Rand also defended a unique theory of concepts, or abstract ideas. For her, the ability to form concepts was the primary function of the faculty of reason, the possession of which is the essential difference that sets humans apart from all the other animals. Rand presented her theory of concepts as a solution to the legendary 'problem of universals,' rekindling interest in a problem that essentially died in the late medieval era."
    Related Topic: Epistemology
    Ayn Rand and Objectivism - Metaphysics: The study of the nature of reality, Full Context
    Summarises the key concepts of objectivist metaphysics
    "Rand used to say that she was an 'intransigent' atheist but 'not a militant one.' Some people think that if there is no God, then life has no meaning or that there is no reason for a person to be moral. Rand dealt crushing blows to both objections. ... Rand rejected what she called the 'mind-body dichotomy.' Man, in her view, was a being of integrated body and soul. She rejected as 'mysticism' the mind-body dualism of René Descartes ..."
    Related Topics: Metaphysics, Atheism
    Ayn Rand on Aristotle, by George H. Smith, 4 Mar 2016
    Examines Rand's appreciative view of Aristotle based on his epistemological theories while disregarding his comments on slavery, racism and coercive government laws
    "... according to Rand, 'Aristotle is the father of Individualism' (Letters of Ayn Rand, 17 April 1948). ... It is quite astonishing that Rand could make claims like this, while blanking out the deleterious influence of Aristotle's political ideas. ... The major culprit here was Rand's belief that a philosopher's metaphysics and especially his epistemology trump everything else, that his fundamental view of reality and his theory of knowledge will ultimately determine his influence on later thinkers."
    Best of Both Worlds: Milton Friedman reminisces about his career as an economist and his lifetime "avocation" as a spokesman for freedom, by Brian Doherty, Reason, Jun 1995
    Topics discussed include: the new Congress, flat taxes, the withholding tax, the people who influenced him, what led him to write about policy issues, libertarianism and how his political views have changed over the years
    "Ayn Rand was receiving increasing attention at that time. ... Ayn Rand had no use for the past. She was going to invent the world anew. She was an utterly intolerant and dogmatic person who did a great deal of good. But I could never feel comfortable with her. I don't mean with her personally—I never met her personally. I'm only talking about her writings."
    Dialectics and Liberty: A Defense of Dialectical Method in the Service of a Libertarian Social Theory, by Chris Matthew Sciabarra, The Freeman, Sep 2005
    Written ten years after publication of the first of Sciabarra's "Dialectic and Liberty" book trilogy, discusses Hayek's and Rand's dialectical analysis approaches and suggests that such context-keeping analysis is important in radical libertarian theory
    "Like other great classical-liberal and libertarian theorists, Rand maintained that government intervention in the economy creates a civil war of all against all; advancing statism makes masters and slaves of every social group, with each vying for some special privilege at the expense of others."
    Epistemology and Politics: Ayn Rand's Cultural Commentary, by David Kelley, Navigator, Dec 2004
    Discusses Rand's 1960 essay "Faith and Force: The Destroyers of the Modern World" and the continued currency of her writings
    "The events she wrote about are long past, the people long gone. ... As a general rule, political and cultural commentary has a pretty brief shelf life. But in Rand's case I am often struck by how relevant these essays are today. Because she brought a philosophical perspective to bear on the events of the day, and analyzed those events in terms of essentials, her comments have staying power. Indeed, it sometimes seems as if she were looking into the future and writing of things we see around us today."
    Related Topics: Epistemology, Capitalism, Politics
    Finding Atlas: Before Ayn Rand there was Isabel Paterson, by Stephen Cox, The American Conservative, 4 May 2009
    Biographical account highlighting Paterson's influence on Ayn Rand
    "Among the rising generation of conservative and libertarian intellectuals whom she influenced was a young escapee from Soviet Russia, Ayn Rand. At that time, Rand was an author without an audience. An avid reader of Paterson's weekly newspaper columns, she sought the older writer's acquaintance during the dark days following the election of 1940 ..."
    Related Topic: Isabel Mary Paterson
    H. L. Mencken, America's Wittiest Defender of Liberty: Mencken Was America's Foremost Newspaperman and Literary Critic, by Jim Powell, The Freeman, Sep 1995
    Biographical essay, highlighting Mencken's tenure at the Baltimore Sun, the books he authored, the founding and his work at the American Mercury monthly and his brief relationship with Sara Haardt
    "Mencken inspired friends of freedom. ... Mencken's stalwart individualism awed young Ayn Rand who, in 1934, called him 'one whom I admire as the greatest representative of a philosophy to which I want to dedicate my whole life.'"
    Interview with Robert Nozick, by Julian Sanchez, 26 Jul 2001
    Topics discussed include: ethics, science and philosophy, Karl Popper and the scientific method, Ayn Rand and epistemology, consciousness, relativism and the academic left and Nozick himself
    "The followers of Rand, for example, treat 'A is A' not just as 'everything is identical to itself' but as a kind of statement about essences and the limits of things. 'A is A, and it can't be anything else, and once it's A today, it can't change its spots tomorrow.' Now, that doesn't follow. I mean, from the law of identity, nothing follows about limitations on change. The weather is identical to itself but it's changing all the time."
    Isabel Paterson | Libertarianism.org, by Cato Institute, Mar 2003
    Part of Cato's "Three Women Who Launched a Movement", celebrating during Women's History Month the sixtieth anniversary of the publication of The God of the Machine (as well as Rose Wilder Lane and Ayn Rand books published in the same year)
    "During the '30s, Paterson would lead discussions with a group of young conservatives who would stay at the Herald Tribune offices late into the evenings helping to paste up the Books section. One of these was a fledgling author by the name of Ayn Rand. Paterson would later use her column to promote Rand's work, and Rand would reciprocate by recommending Paterson's books to her own acquaintances."
    Related Topic: Isabel Mary Paterson
    Libertarianism Is Not Atheist, Is Not Religious, by Wendy McElroy, The Daily Bell, 9 Oct 2014
    Examines Rothbard's responses to Rand's atheistic views that influenced early modern libertarianism
    "The 1950s were pivotal because of Ayn Rand's profound influence on the broadly-defined individualist movement from which many libertarians emerged. ... Rand was adamantly atheistic. She believed all men of reason and self-esteem must reject God. ... She did not willingly tolerate the presence of believers."
    Ludwig von Mises, socialism's greatest enemy: His life and times, by Jim Powell
    Lengthy biographical essay on Mises, including details on Menger and Böhm-Bawerk
    "During the early 1950s, journalist Henry Hazlitt wrote, Mises and novelist/philosopher Ayn Rand were at his house for dinner. Rand snapped at one of Mises' comments, saying 'You seem to regard me as just a little Jewish girl who doesn't know anything.' 'Lu didn't mean it that way,' Hazlitt said. 'I did mean it that way!' Mises replied. Mises came to admire Rand, calling her 'the most courageous man in America.' Hazlitt told Rand about the remark, and she was delighted."
    Rose Wilder Lane, Isabel Paterson, and Ayn Rand: Three Women Who Inspired the Modern Libertarian Movement, by Jim Powell, The Freeman, May 1996
    Triple biographical essay on the women who in 1943 published The Discovery of Freedom, The God of the Machine and The Fountainhead
    "During the past half century, no single individual did more than Ayn Rand to win converts for liberty. Her books sell a reported 300,000 copies year after year without being advertised by publishers or assigned by college professors. Indeed, her works have been trashed by most intellectuals. Her enduring appeal is an amazing phenomenon."
    Rose Wilder Lane | Libertarianism.org, by Cato Institute, Mar 2003
    Part of Cato's "Three Women Who Launched a Movement", celebrating during Women's History Month the sixtieth anniversary of the publication of The Discovery of Freedom (as well as Isabel Paterson and Ayn Rand books published in the same year)
    "In 1945, she [Rose Wilder Lane] began writing for the National Economic Council's Review of Books. A correspondence with Ayn Rand that lasted several years began when Rand sent Lane a letter of thanks for her favorable review of The Fountainhead in that publication."
    The Death of Politics, by Karl Hess, Playboy, Mar 1969
    Discusses libertarianism, contrasting it with both conservatism and modern liberalism, including specific policy differences
    "An interesting illustration that conservatism not only disagrees with libertarianism but is downright hostile to it is that the most widely known libertarian author of the day, Miss Ayn Rand, ranks only a bit below, or slightly to the side of, Leonid Brezhnev as an object of diatribe in National Review. Specifically, it seems, she is reviled on the right because she is an atheist, daring to take exception to the National Review notion that man's basically evil nature (stemming from original sin) means he must be held in check by a strong and authoritarian social order."
    The Internet and the End of Monetary Sovereignty, by William A. Frezza, The Future of Money in the Information Age, 1997
    Considers how cyberspace promises of privacy and anonymity may lead to new monetary institutions and "a practical realization of laissez-faire capitalism" as advocated by Ayn Rand
    "Almost 40 years ago Ayn Rand, in her novel Atlas Shrugged, posed the question: 'What would happen if the men of the mind--the producers and creators of wealth--went on strike?' Her allegory about the coordinated withdrawal of the industrialists and the collapse of civilization served as a dramatic backdrop for the elucidation of her moral philosophy. That philosophy, rooted in laissez-faire capitalism, posed two questions relevant to the issue of monetary sovereignty ..."
    Winning the Battle for Freedom and Prosperity, by John Mackey, Liberty, Jun 2006
    Updated from speech given at FreedomFest 2004; after a brief background on himself, Mackey criticises the freedom movement from a marketing and branding perspective and suggests a different approach by de-emphasising some issues and prioritising others
    "How many of you have read Ayn Rand? How many of you have been influenced by her? 'Atlas Shrugged' remains one of the five greatest novels I have ever read. ... These characters all demonstrated tremendous passions and drive, backed by high self-esteem. ... However, despite her literary greatness and many positive contributions to the freedom movement, I believe that Rand has also harmed the movement. How? She was overly provocative."


    An Interview with Ayn Rand, by James V. McConnell, 1961
    Presented by C-SPAN American Writers II program on 15 May 2002; original interview was part of the "Understanding Our World" series produced by the University of Michigan
    Playboy Interview: Ayn Rand, by Alvin Toffler, Playboy, Mar 1964
    Topics discussed include objectivism ethics, guilt, having a productive or creative purpose, emotions, women and family, romantic love, sex, marriage, religion, compassion, other writers, government, various politicians and altruism
    "Ayn Rand, an intense, angry young woman of 58, is among the most outspoken – and important – intellectual voices in America today. She is the author of what is perhaps the most fiercely damned and admired best seller of the decade: Atlas Shrugged, which has sold 1,200,000 copies since its publication six years ago, and has become one of the most talked-about novels in the country. ... And sales of her previous best seller, The Fountainhead, have climbed to almost the 2,000,000 mark."


    The Journal of Ayn Rand Studies
    Twice yearly (usually, July and December); co-founded by Chris Matthew Sciabarra


    Ayn Rand: A Sense of Life
        by Michael Paxton, 1998
    Companion book to the Academy Award-nominated documentary
    Ayn Rand: The Russian Radical
        by Chris Matthew Sciabarra, 1995
    Partial contents: One: The Process of Becoming - Synthesis in Russian Culture - Lossky, the Teacher - Educating Alissa - The Maturation of Ayn Rand - Two: The Revolt Against Dualism - Being - Knowing - Reason and Emotion - Art, Philosophy, and Efficacy
    Ayn Rand
        by Tibor R. Machan, 1 Mar 2000
    Contents: Ayn Rand, Iconoclast - Intellectual Iconoclast - Rand on Axiomatic Concepts - Rand's Moral Philosophy - Rand's Rational Individualism - Rand versus Marx - Rand's Moriarty - Room for Work
    Ayn Rand, Homosexuality, and Human Liberation
        by Chris Matthew Sciabarra, 2003
    Foreword by Lindsay Perigo; from the introduction: examines "Ayn Rand's impact on the sexual attitudes of self-identified Objectivists in the movement to which she gave birth and the gay subcultures that she would have disowned"
    Feminist Interpretations of Ayn Rand
        by Chris Matthew Sciabarra (Editor, Introduction), 1999
    Collection of 19 essays, edited by Mimi Reisel Gladstein and Chris Matthew Sciabarra, including essays by Barbara Branden, Nathaniel Branden, Susan Brownmiller, Gladstein, Wendy McElroy, Camille Paglia, Sharon Presley, Joan Kennedy Taylor and Judith Wilt
    Journals of Ayn Rand
        by David Harriman (Editor), Leonard Peikoff (Foreword), 1997
    Partial contents: Early Projects: The Hollywood Years - We the Living - The Fountainhead: Theme and Characters - Transition Between Novels: The Moral Basis of Individualism - Top Secret - Atlas Shrugged: The Mind on Strike - Final Years: Notes: 1955-1977
    Judgment Day: My Years with Ayn Rand
        by Nathaniel Branden, 1989
    1999 edition is titled My Years with Ayn Rand
    Letters of Ayn Rand
        by Michael S. Berliner (Editor), Leonard Peikoff (Introduction), 1995
    Partial contents: Arrival in America to We The Living - We The Living to The Fountainhead - Letters to Frank Lloyd Wright - Return to Hollywood - Letters to Isabel Paterson - The Fountainhead and Atlas Shrugged years
    The Ayn Rand Lexicon: Objectivism from A to Z
        by Harry Binswanger (Editor), 1986
    Covers about 400 topics, organized alphabetically, with excerpts of Rand's writings on the relevant topic, annotated to the original sources
    Related Topic: Objectivism
    The Contested Legacy of Ayn Rand: Truth and Toleration in Objectivism
        by David Kelley, 1990
    Partial contents: Moral Judgment - Cognition and Evaluation - Types of Moral Judgment - The Temperament of a Judge - Sanction - Existential Aid and Moral Sanction - The Case of Libertarianism - Error and Evil - Ideas and Original Sin
    The Influence of Ayn Rand
        by Barbara Branden
    Audiobook on two CDs, published by Laissez Faire Books/LFB Audio Productions
    The Passion of Ayn Rand
        by Barbara Branden, 1986
    Contents: Prologue - We The Living - The Fountainhead - Atlas Shrugged - Denouement - Epilogue; basis for the 1999 film starring Helen Mirren
    Atheism, Ayn Rand, and Other Heresies
        by George H. Smith, Apr 1991
    Partial contents: The Meaning of Heresy - My Path to Atheism - Atheism and the Virtue of Reasonableness - Defining Atheism - Atheism and Objectivism - Ayn Rand: Philosophy and Controversy - The Righteous Persecution of Drug Consumers and Other Heretics
    Related Topic: Atheism
    Objectivism: The Philosophy of Ayn Rand
        by Leonard Peikoff, 1991
    Contents: Preface - Reality - Sense Perception and Volition - Concept-Formation - Objectivity - Reason - Man - The Good - Virtue - Happiness - Government - Capitalism - Art - Epilogue: The Duel Between Plato and Aristotle
    Related Topic: Objectivism

    Books Authored

    Anthem, 1946
    Twelve numbered chapters; awarded the 1987 Libertarian Futurist Society Hall of Fame Award
    Atlas Shrugged
        by Ayn Rand, Edward Herrmann (Reader - Audio CD/Cassette), 1957
    Partial contents: 1: Non-Contradiction - The Exploiters and the Exploited - The John Galt Line - 2: Either-Or - The Man Who Belonged on Earth - The Aristocracy of Pull - The Sanction of the Victim - 3: A is A - Anti-Life - "This is John Galt Speaking"
    Capitalism: The Unknown Ideal
        by Ayn Rand, Nathaniel Branden ("Common Fallacies About Capitalism" and "Alienation"), Alan Greenspan, Robert Hessen, 1946
    Essays by Rand, Nathaniel Branden, Alan Greenspan and Robert Hessen; partial list: What is Capitalism? - Gold and Economic Freedom - The Anatomy of Compromise - Conservatism: An Obituary - The New Fascism: Rule by Consensus - The Nature of Government
    Related Topic: Capitalism
    Introduction to Objectivist Epistemology, 1967
    Contents: Cognition and Measurement - Concept-Formation - Abstraction from Abstractions - Concepts of Consciousness - Definitions - Axiomatic Concepts - The Cognitive Role of Concepts - Consciousness and Identity
    Related Topic: Epistemology
    Philosophy: Who Needs It, 1982
    Partial contents: Philosophical Detection - The Metaphysical Versus the Man-Made - The Missing Link - Faith and Force: The Destroyers of the Modern World - Kant Versus Sullivan - Causality Versus Duty - Egalitarianism and Inflation - What Can one Do?
    Related Topic: Philosophy
    Return of the Primitive: The Anti-Industrial Revolution, 1999
    Partial contents: The Schools - The Cashing-In: The Student "Rebellion" - The Chicken's Homecoming - The Comprachicos - The Culture - Apollo and Dionysus - The Age of Envy - The Politics - The Left: Old and New - Racism - The Anti-Industrial Revolution
    The Art of Nonfiction: A Guide for Writers and Readers, 2001
    Partial contents: Preliminary Remarks - Choosing a Subject and Theme - Judging One's Audience - Applying Philosophy Without Preaching It - Creating an Outline - Writing the Draft: The Primacy of the Subconscious - Editing - Style - Writing a Book
    The Fountainhead, 1943
    Contents: Part One: Peter Keating (15 numbered chapters) - Part Two: Ellsworth M. Toohey (15 chapters) - Part Three: Gail Wynand (9 chapters) - Part Four: Howard Roark (20 chapters)
    The New Left: The Anti-Industrial Revolution, 1971
    Partial contents: The Cashing-In: The Student "Rebellion" - Apollo and Dionysus - The Left: Old and New - From a Symposium - Political "Crimes" - The Chicken's Homecoming - The "Inexplicable Personal Alchemy" - The Anti-Industrial Revolution
    The Objectivism Research CD ROM: The Works of Ayn Rand
        by Ayn Rand, Leonard Peikoff, 2001
    Partial contents: Anthem - We The Living - The Fountainhead - Atlas Shrugged - The Objectivist - The Objectivist Newsletter - The Virtue of Selfishness - For the New Intellectual - Capitalism: the Unknown Ideal - The New Left - The Romantic Manifesto
    Related Topic: Objectivism
    The Romantic Manifesto: A Philosophy of Literature, 1969
    Partial contents: The Psycho-Epistemology of Art - Philosophy and Sense of Life - Art and Sense of Life - Art and Cognition - Basic Principles of Literature - What is Romanticism? - The Esthetic Vacuum of Our Age - Bootleg Romanticism
    Related Topic: Esthetics
    The Virtue of Selfishness: A New Concept of Egoism
        by Ayn Rand, Nathaniel Branden ("Mental Health versus Mysticism and Self-Sacrifice" and five more chapters), 1964
    Partial contents: The Objectivist Ethics - The Ethics of Emergencies - The "Conflicts" of Men's Interests - Isn't Everyone Selfish? - The Psychology of Pleasure - Doesn't Life Require Compromise? - The Nature of Government - The Argument from Intimidation
    Related Topic: Ethics
    The Voice of Reason: Essays in Objectivist Thought, 1988
    Partial contents: One: Philosophy - Introducing Objectivism - To Young Scientists - Two: Culture - The Intellectual Bankruptcy of Our Age - Our Cultural Value-Deprivation - Three: Politics - Representation Without Authorization - The Pull Peddlers
    Related Topic: Objectivism
    We The Living, 1936
    Rand's first novel, released in 1936 and then revised in 1959; takes place in Russia after the 1917 Revolution


    Memoirs of Hayek in Chicago and Rothbard in New York, by Ralph Raico, 1 Aug 2005
    Lecture given at Mises University 2005, Raico reminisces about Murray Rothbard, the forming of the Circle Bastiat, Ayn Rand, F.A. Hayek and many others in the 1950s and early 1960s


    C-SPAN American Writers II: Writings of Ayn Rand, 17 May 2002
    Guests: Eric Daniels, professor of political history, Duke University; Jeff Britting, producer of Ayn Rand: A Sense of Life; Leonard Peikoff, author of Objectivism: The Philosophy of Ayn Rand; includes clips of Rand herself

    Karl Hess compares Emma Goldman and Ayn Rand, by Karl Hess, Anarchism in America
    Hess describes his experience reading Emma Goldman and how Goldman, "consciously or not, [was] the source of the best in Ayn Rand"
    The Passion of Ayn Rand, 30 May 1999
    Showtime Entertainment movie based on Barbara Branden's book.

    Leonard Liggio on the Rise of the Modern American Libertarian Movement, by Leonard P. Liggio, 9 Mar 1995
    Talk given at Vienna Coffee Club (Future of Freedom Foundation). Liggio starts off with the New Deal and covers many events and individuals both at the core and the periphery of the modern libertarian movement

    The introductory paragraph uses material from a Wikipedia article, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.