Territory in northern North America, ruled since 1982 by the Monarchy of Canada
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  • FreedomPedia
  • Canada is a country in the northern half of North America. Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering 9.98 million square kilometres, making it the world's second-largest country by total area and the fourth-largest country by land area. Canada's border with the United States is the world's longest land border. The majority of the country has a cold or severely cold winter climate, but southerly areas are warm in summer. Canada is sparsely populated, the majority of its land territory being dominated by forest and tundra and the Rocky Mountains. About four-fifths of the country's population of 36 million people is urbanized and live near the southern border. Its capital is Ottawa, its largest metropolis is Toronto; other major urban areas include Montreal, Vancouver, Calgary, Edmonton, Quebec City, Winnipeg and Hamilton.

    Birthplace of

    Tommy Chong, Thomas B. Kin Chong, in Edmonton, Alberta, on 24 May 1938
    Samuel Edward Konkin III, in Edmonton, Alberta, on 8 Jul 1947

    Measures of Freedom

    Canada | Freedom House, Freedom in the World 2016: Anxious Dictators, Wavering Democracies: Global Freedom under Pressure
    2016: Status: Free, Aggregate Score: 99, Political Rights: 1, Civil Liberties: 1
    "The Liberal Party, led by Justin Trudeau, won a clear majority in federal elections held in October 2015. When Trudeau took office as prime minister in November, he ushered in a cabinet composed equally of men and women, an unprecedented step in Canada's political history. Outgoing prime minister Stephen Harper resigned as leader of the Conservatives following his party's loss."
    Human Freedom Index, The Human Freedom Index 2016: A Global Measurement of Personal, Civil, and Economic Freedom
    2014: 8.61, Rank: 6, Personal Freedom: 9.24, Economic Freedom: 7.98, Democracy Index: 8.85
    Level of Economic Freedom, Economic Freedom of the World: 2016 Annual Report
    2014: 7.98, Rank: 5

    Articles

    Socialism and Medicine, Part 2, by William L. Anderson, Future of Freedom, Jun 2008
    Examines the economics of medical care in the United States, including the influence of third-party payers and comparisons to medical care in Canada
    "Take the sets of incentives faced by a hospital administrator in Canada, however. Because he cannot charge for any services, an MRI device will not provide any income for his hospital; thus, it represents only an expense. Furthermore, such capital expenditures would serve to take money away from other expenses, such as increasing salaries for unionized nurses."
    The Rocky Road of American Taxation, by Charles W. Adams, Mises Daily, 15 Apr 2006
    Adapted from the author's For Good and Evil: The Impact of Taxes on the Course of Civilization
    "Into modern times the British Parliament held supreme constitutional power over the Canadian people, though it did not dare to interfere with their wishes for many years. Not until 1981 did Canadian politicians agree on the terms for the repatriation of Canada's Constitution, enacted by Parliament as the British North America Act in 1867."

    The introductory paragraph uses material from a Wikipedia article, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.