Archipelago off the northeast coast of Asia, ruled since 1947 by the Nippon-koku

Reference

Japan - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
"Japan(Japanese: 日本 Nihon or Nippon; formally 日本国 Nippon-koku or Nihon-koku, literally the State of Japan) is an island nation in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies to the east of the Sea of Japan, China, North Korea, South Korea and Russia, stretching from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south. The characters that make up Japan's name mean 'sun-origin', which is why Japan is sometimes referred to as the 'Land of the Rising Sun'. ..."

Measures of Freedom

Human Freedom Index, The Human Freedom Index 2016: A Global Measurement of Personal, Civil, and Economic Freedom
2014: 8.04, Rank: 32, Personal Freedom: 8.67, Economic Freedom: 7.42, Democracy Index: 7.75
Japan | Freedom House, Freedom in the World 2016: Anxious Dictators, Wavering Democracies: Global Freedom under Pressure
2016: Status: Free, Aggregate Score: 96, Political Rights: 1, Civil Liberties: 1
"In September 2015, Prime Minister Shinz┼Ź Abe's governing Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) passed security legislation that permits the country's self-defense forces to aid allies that come under attack. The legislation, to take effect in 2016, ushered in a fundamental reinterpretation of Japan's constitution, which previously had been viewed as permitting the use of force only in cases of self-defense. The measure prompted significant opposition in the parliament and inspired mass protests."
Level of Economic Freedom, Economic Freedom of the World: 2016 Annual Report
2014: 7.42, Rank: 40

Articles

Interview with Adam Smith [via Edwin West], by Edwin George West, The Region, Jun 1994
Professor Edwin G. West stands in for Adam Smith and answers questions from the Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis banking and policy issues magazine
"There is one aspect of Japanese policy, however, that conflicts with my principle of natural liberty. Japan has used controls to reduce imports with the apparent aim of reducing workers' living standards in order to devote more national resources to industrial investment. ... Insofar as it has succeeded the result has been what I used to call a derangement, but what you now term a misallocation of resources."
The War System and Its Intellectual Myths, by Murray N. Rothbard, Harry Elmer Barnes: Learned Crusader, 1968
Originally titled "Harry Elmer Barnes as Revisionist of the Cold War"
"... the highly significant MacArthur memorandum to F.D.R. of January 20, 1945 ... explicitly set forth the terms of an authentic Japanese peace offer which were virtually identical with the final surrender terms that we accepted from the Japanese seven months later — at the cost of countless needlessly expended lives, Japanese and American alike."