Territory in east central Asia, ruled since 1992 by the Mongol uls

Reference

Mongolia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
"Mongolia (Mongolian: Монгол улс, literally Mongol country/state) is a landlocked country in East and Central Asia. It is bordered by Russia to the north and China to the south, east and west. Although Mongolia does not share a border with Kazakhstan, its western-most point is only 38 kilometres from Kazakhstan's eastern tip. Ulan Bator, the capital and largest city, is home to about 45% of the population. Mongolia's political system is a parliamentary republic. ..."

Measures of Freedom

Human Freedom Index, The Human Freedom Index 2016: A Global Measurement of Personal, Civil, and Economic Freedom
2014: 7.52, Rank: 47, Personal Freedom: 7.66, Economic Freedom: 7.39, Democracy Index: 6.22
Level of Economic Freedom, Economic Freedom of the World: 2016 Annual Report
2014: 7.39, Rank: 45
Mongolia | Freedom House, Freedom in the World 2016: Anxious Dictators, Wavering Democracies: Global Freedom under Pressure
2016: Status: Free, Aggregate Score: 86, Political Rights: 1, Civil Liberties: 2
"President Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj was in the middle of his second four-year term in 2015 after winning the 2013 presidential election. Prime Minister Chimed Saikhanbileg of the Democratic Party (DP), who took office in 2014, remained at the helm of a coalition government. In August, six cabinet members from the coalition's other major party, the Mongolian People's Party (MPP), were discharged from their positions as part of preparations for the 2016 national elections."

Articles

How to Destroy Mongolian Mining, by Morgan J. Poliquin, Mises Daily, 20 Jun 2006
"The Mongolian state on May 12th imposed what it has termed a 'windfall profits' tax on mining carried out in that country. ... The beneficiaries of the royalty would be the Mongolian state and the privileged groups to whom it would decide to dispense the proceeds. Mongolians would be better off building on the new wealth created by a potential copper mine ..."
Related Topics: Mining, Taxation, Wages