17 Nov 1866
, Voltairine de Claire, in Leslie, Michigan
Voltairine de Cleyre: Exquisite Rebel
, by Sharon Presley
Includes biography page, text of many of her essays and links to other web resources
Voltairine de Cleyre: Penitent Priestess of Anarchism
, by Jeff Riggenbach
, 17 Jun 2010
Biographical essay, transcript of "The Libertarian Tradition" podcast of 8 June 2010
"Voltairine de Cleyre was born November 17, 1866, just after the end of the American Civil War, in a town called Leslie, in rural Central Michigan, about 20 miles south of Lansing. ... Voltairine never wrote a book, but certain of her essays are really neglected classics. Her essay 'Anarchism and American Traditions,' for example, appeared originally in 1908 and 1909 in the pages of Mother Earth, Emma Goldman's anarchist magazine. It is a true gem."
Charles Johnson on his Many Publications, Libertarian Feminism and Anarchic Individualism
, by Anthony Wile, The Daily Bell
, 29 Apr 2012
Topics include the Markets Not Capitalism
anthology, some of his essays, his family, his work with Alliance of the Libertarian Left, war, constitutions, feminism, unions, the United States, Murray Rothbard, Austrian economics and the future
"Voltairine de Cleyre is one of the most brilliant writers in the 19th/early 20th century libertarian tradition – a really provocative and constantly experimental thinker about the nature of freedom, and the author of some really important essays on libertarian feminism. There are some excellent recent collections of her writing, in particular The Voltairine de Cleyre Reader (from AK Press, ed. A. J. Brigati) and Exquisite Rebel: The Essays of Voltairine de Cleyre – Anarchist, Feminist, Genius (from SUNY Press, eds. Crispin Sartwell and Sharon Presley)."
Gertrude B. Kelly: A Forgotten Feminist
, by Wendy McElroy
, The Freeman
, Oct 1998
Lengthy profile of Dr. Gertrude B. Kelly (1862–1934), Irish immigrant, individualist feminist and contributor to the Liberty
"... on reading [about] the Haymarket protesters ... the teenaged individualist-feminist Voltairine de Cleyre had exclaimed aloud, 'They ought to be hanged!' She keenly and instantly regretted the words, and assumed the opposite position with equal vehemence. Fourteen years later, de Cleyre remained sorely haunted by her words ... Much of de Cleyre's political activity in the ensuing years can be seen as an attempt to expiate her sin. Her most passionate addresses were delivered as lectures at the yearly memorials to the Haymarket martyrs that she attended."
, Free Society
, 13 Oct 1901
Examines various economic propositions for anarchism (socialist, communist, individualist and mutualist) and opines that all could be tried out
"It no longer seems necessary to me, therefore, that one should base his Anarchism on any particular world conception; it is a theory of the relations due to man and comes as an offered solution to the societary problems arising from the existence of these two tendencies of which I have spoken. ... Anarchism, alone, apart from any proposed economic reform, is just the latest reply out of many the past has given, to that daring, breakaway, volatile, changeful spirit which is never content."