18th/19th century Scottish economist

Reference

James Mill - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
"James Mill (April 6, 1773 - June 23, 1836), Scottish historian, economist and philosopher, was born at Northwater Bridge, in the parish of Logie-Pert, Angus, Scotland, the son of James Mill, a shoemaker. His mother, Isabel Fenton, of a good family which had suffered from connection with the Stuart rising, resolved that he should receive a first-rate education, and sent him first to the parish school and then to the Montrose Academy, where he remained till the unusual age of seventeen and a half. He then entered the University of Edinburgh, where he distinguished himself as a Greek scholar. ..."

Born

6 Apr 1773, James Milne, in Northwater Bridge, Forfarshire, Scotland

Died

23 Jun 1836, in London

Biography

James Mill, 1773-1836
The History of Economic Thought, The New School for Social Research

Writings

Government, Encyclopædia Britannica, 1820
Discusses the purpose of government, the means for attaining that end and various related questions and objections; rationalises that representative democracy, as exhibited in early 19th century Britain, is most conducive to "good Government"
"... the necessity of labour for obtaining the means of subsistence, as well as the means of the greatest part of our pleasures ... is, no doubt, the primary cause of government; for, if nature had produced spontaneously all the objects which we desire, and in sufficient abundance for the desires of all, there would have been no source of dispute or of injury among men; nor would any man have possessed the means of ever acquiring authority over another."
Liberty of the Press, 1823
"There is another use of the freedom of the press ... If any set of men are chosen to wield the powers of government, while the people have not the means of knowing in what manner they discharge their duties, they will have the means of serving themselves at the expence of the people; and all the miseries of evil government are the certain consequence."
Related Topic: Freedom of the Press
On the Overproduction and Underconsumption Fallacies [PDF], Commerce Defended, 1808
Excerpt, edited by Prof. George Reisman

Books Authored

Elements of Political Economy, 1821
Electronic text available at the Library of Economics and Liberty; partial contents: Production - Distribution - Interchange - Consumption
Related Topic: Economics