"An athlete is a person who has above average physical skills (strength, agility, and endurance) and is thus suitable for physical activities, in particular, contests. An ancient Greek word for 'contest' was athlos, and those competing in the games were called athletes. ..."
Professional or amateur sportsmen and sportswomen
Athlete - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Locker-Room Liberty: Athletes who helped shape our times and the economic freedom that enabled them, by Matt Welch, Reason, May 2005
"Operating in a subculture far more socially conservative than those surrounding the professional arts, athletes of the mid-to-late '60s and '70s forced their reluctant and occasionally hostile audiences to confront issues of race, war, and free expression, and we are all better for their efforts."