Territory in northwest Europe, ruled since 1815 by the Koninkrijk der Nederlanden

Reference

Netherlands - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
"The Netherlands (Dutch: Nederland; West Frisian: Nederlân; Papiamento: Hulanda) is a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, located mainly in North-West Europe and with some islands in the Caribbean. Mainland Netherlands borders the North Sea to the north and west, Belgium to the south, and Germany to the east, and shares maritime borders with Belgium, Germany and the United Kingdom. It is a parliamentary democracy organised as a unitary state. The country capital is Amsterdam and the seat of government is The Hague. The Netherlands in its entirety is often referred to as Holland, although North and South Holland are actually only two of its twelve provinces (a case of pars pro toto; see terminology of 'the Netherlands'). ..."

Birthplace of

Hugo Grotius, in Delft, on 10 Apr 1583
Bernard de Mandeville, in Rotterdam, on 1670

Conferences and Conventions

Libertarian International, Spring Convention 2004, in Leiden, from 3 Apr to 4 Apr 2004
Reason Foundation, Reason in Amsterdam 2006, in Amsterdam, from 23 Aug to 26 Aug 2006

Measures of Freedom

Human Freedom Index, The Human Freedom Index 2016: A Global Measurement of Personal, Civil, and Economic Freedom
2014: 8.54, Rank: 10, Personal Freedom: 9.45, Economic Freedom: 7.63, Democracy Index: 8.79
Level of Economic Freedom, Economic Freedom of the World: 2016 Annual Report
2014: 7.63, Rank: 25
Netherlands | Freedom House, Freedom in the World 2016: Anxious Dictators, Wavering Democracies: Global Freedom under Pressure
2016: Status: Free, Aggregate Score: 99, Political Rights: 1, Civil Liberties: 1
"Migration and asylum policy continued to dominate the political discourse in the Netherlands in 2015. In April, the Council of Europe (CoE) reaffirmed its 2014 decision that the country was in violation of the European Social Charter for its failure to meet humanitarian obligations toward asylum applicants. The two-party coalition government has struggled to find common ground on this issue, but managed to agree in April to put in place tougher policies against rejected applicants who do not agree to return to their home countries."

Articles

Fortuyn, murdered Dutch politician, by Hubert Jongen, 5 May 2003
The Criminality of the State, by Albert Jay Nock, American Mercury: 1924-1980, 1939
Cautions Americans that rather than being worried or surprised by the doings of Nazi Germany, Soviet Russia, the Munich agreement and other foreign states, they should devote their energies to reining the growth of the United States government
"Where in Europe today does the State have the best criminal record? Where it is weakest ... Yet when the Dutch State, for instance, was strong, its criminality was appalling; in Java it massacred 9000 persons in one morning which is considerably ahead of Hitler’s record or Stalin’s. It would not do the like today, for it could not; the Dutch people do not give it that much power, and would not stand for such conduct."