Third largest ocean, extending between Africa and Australia
  • Comoros - Islands in the Indian Ocean off the coast of southeast Africa, ruled since 1976 by the Udzima wa Komori/Union des Comores
  • Madagascar - Islands off the southeast coast of Africa, ruled since 1960 by the Repoblikan'i Madagasikara
  • Maldives - Islands in the Indian Ocean, ruled since 1968 by the Dhivehi Raa'jeyge Jumhooriyya
  • Mauritius - Islands in the southwest Indian Ocean, ruled since 1992 by the Republic of Mauritius
  • Seychelles - Archipelago in the western Indian Ocean, ruled since 1976 by Repiblik Sesel
  • Sri Lanka - Island in the Indian Ocean off the southeast coast of India, ruled since 1972 by the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka